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Obesity

A disorder involving excessive body fat that increases the risk of health problems.

Obesity often results from taking in more calories than are burned by exercise and normal daily activities. Obesity occurs when a person's body mass index is 30 or greater. The main symptom is excessive body fat, which increases the risk of serious health problems. The mainstay of treatment is lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise.

People may experience:

  • Pain areas: in the back or joints
  • Also common: overweight, binge eating, fatigue, pot belly, or snoring


Symptoms

Usually self-diagnosable

Obesity occurs when a person's body mass index is 30 or greater. The main symptom is excessive body fat, which increases the risk of serious health problems.

Treatments

Treatment consists of self care

The mainstay of treatment is lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise.

Self-care

Physical exercise: Aerobic activity for 20-30 minutes 5 days a week improves cardiovascular health.

If injured, pursuing an activity that avoids the injured muscle group or joint can help maintain physical function while recovering.

Weight loss: Can improve cardiovascular health and reduce the risk of complications related to obesity.

Low carbohydrate diet: A diet that limits grains, starchy vegetables, and fruit and emphasizes foods high in protein and fat.

Low fat diet: Reducing intake of high-fat foods such as dairy, oil, and red meat to improve cardiovascular health.

Therapies

Behavior therapy: A therapy focused on modifying harmful behaviors associated with psychological distress.

Specialists

Primary care provider (PCP): Prevents, diagnoses, and treats diseases.

Nutritionist: Specializes in food and diet.

Consult a doctor for medical advice


Note: The information you see describes what usually happens with a medical condition, but doesn't apply to everyone. This information isn't medical advice, so make sure to contact a healthcare provider if you have a medical problem. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or a emergency number immediately.

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