A cancer of the thyroid, the butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the neck.
The cause of thyroid cancer is poorly understood, but may involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some people have no symptoms. Others may notice a lump in the neck. Treatments, which are usually successful, include surgery, hormone therapy, radioactive iodine, radiation, and in some cases chemotherapy.
Requires a medical diagnosis
Some people have no symptoms. Others may notice a lump in the neck.
People may experience:
Treatment depends on stage
Treatments, which are usually successful, include surgery, hormone therapy, radioactive iodine, radiation, and in some cases chemotherapy.
Radiation therapy: Treatment that uses x-rays and other high-energy rays to kill abnormal cells.
Antithyroid agent: Prevents the thyroid gland from making or releasing thyroid hormone.
Hormone therapy: Affects body processes by regulating the activity of the organs.
Levothyroxine (Synthroid, Tirosint, Unithroid, Levothroid, Levoxyl, and Novothyrox)
Thyroidectomy: Surgical removal of all or part of the thyroid gland.
Endocrine surgery: Surgical treatment of the glands that produce hormones in the body. For example, to remove a tumor on the gland.
Partial thyroidectomy: Surgical removal of part of the thyroid. Lymphadenectomy: Surgical removal of a lymph node.
Neck dissection: Surgical removal of lymph nodes in the neck.
Endocrinologist: Treats metabolic and hormone disorders.
General surgeon: Performs a range of surgeries on the abdomen, skin, breast, and soft tissue.
Otolaryngologist: Treats ear, nose, and throat disorders.
Primary care provider (PCP): Prevents, diagnoses, and treats diseases.
Oncologist: Specializes in cancer.
Consult a doctor for medical advice
Note: The information you see describes what usually happens with a medical condition, but doesn't apply to everyone. This information isn't medical advice, so make sure to contact a healthcare provider if you have a medical problem. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or a emergency number immediately.